Mandatory training of citizens for military service
In modern conditions, training of Russian citizens for military service is a priority of the state policy.
As part of the Concept of the Federal System of citizens’ preparation for military service for the period up to 2020, approved by the RF Government’s Resolution of 3 February 2010 № 134-r, the multi-level (federal, regional, municipal) system of training young people for military service has been created. The priority directions of development of the system have been determined, the goals and ways for its implementing have been scheduled.
Mandatory training of citizens for military service in accordance with the Federal Law "On Military Duty and Military Service" provides:
• obtaining basic knowledge in the field of defence;
• training in basic military service in the educational institutions of secondary (complete) general education and initial vocational, secondary vocational education, as well as in training facilities of organisations.
In addition, mandatory training of citizens includes military-patriotic education, their training in military occupational specialties as soldiers, sailors and sergeants.
Basic knowledge of citizens in the field of defence is regulated by the federal state educational standards of secondary (complete) general education, the federal state educational standards of primary and secondary vocational education and provides for citizens to get prior knowledge about the state’s defence, on conscription of citizens, as well as acquisition by them of skills in the field of Civil Defence.
Before military service male citizens are trained in the basics of military service in educational institutions of secondary (complete) general education and educational institutions of primary and secondary vocational education in the last two years of study. This training is carried out by the teaching staff of above-mentioned educational institutions in accordance with the federal state educational standards and includes training periods for them.
Male citizens over the age of 16 years old working in organisations and not trained in the basics of military service in educational institutions are involved in studies on the basics of military service in training points that are created in the order established by the authorised federal executive body.
Military-patriotic education of citizens is an important component, too. The Government of the Russian Federation, executive authorities of the Russian Federation’s constituent entities and local self-government bodies together with the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of executive power, in which military service is foreseen by law, and officials of different of organisations are necessarily and systematically carrying out the work along these lines.
Besides, citizens trained in the military-patriotic youth and children's associations, have a preferential right to be enrolled in military educational institutions of vocational education. And their training is taken into account when determining for them by draught boards of the RF Armed Forces’ Service and Arm as well other Troops, military formations and facilities, where they would do military service on conscription.
The priority of mandatory training is also citizens’ training in military occupational specialties of soldiers, sailors and sergeants.
The said training is got by male citizens over the age of 17 years old, including students of primary and secondary vocational education in educational institutions, where such training is an integral part of the professional education programme.
A citizen, who has mastered a complex military occupational specialty of soldier, sailor or sergeant, included in the list determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, with the call for military service has the right to choose the Service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and their Arm, other Forces, military formation and bodies, taking into account the real needs in such specialists.