Peacekeeping operation in Transnistria
Convention on Principles of Peaceful Settlement of the Armed Conflict in the Transnistrian Region of the Republic of Moldova was signed in 1992, followed by the deployment of Russian forces and peacekeepers from Moldova and Ukraine into the conflict zone.
The key task of the Russian forces was to separate the belligerents in Transnistria. They established a safety area and proceeded to peacekeeping activities in the region. First, Russian forces cleared the minefields in the areas of combat. This was a challenging job, because the belligerents left no maps of minefields.
Another important task of the RF Armed Forces in settling the conflict was to interdict the trafficking of arms, ammunition, explosives and drugs in the safety area.
Russian forces are successful in their mission in the region. Throughout their presence in Transnistria, Russian peacekeepers have discovered multiple instances of safety breach. They have confiscated dozens of small arms, including makeshift arms, around 1,300 grenades and 150 thousand rounds of ammunition and defused and terminated over 13 thousand explosive ordnances, including antipersonnel mines, antitank mines and roadside bombs.
In observance of the Odessa agreements on Measures of Confidence and Development of Contacts, the number of guard stations and checkpoints was reduced by over 300% to 15 in 1998. Russia also voluntarily reduced its military presence in the region. Today there is only one battalion of Russian peacekeepers in Transnistria.
Russian peacekeeping contingent in Transnistria has been declared the best peacekeeping force within the Russian Ground Forces three times, which was for the accomplishment of three key peacekeeping missions:
- Maintain personnel alive and healthy;
- Keep weapons and ammunition secure;
- Prevent breaches of military discipline involving unfriendly acts on the local population.