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The Concept of the International Conference on Mine Clearance

I. Background

The Russian Federation is a country that has a wealth of experience in the issue connected with mine clearance, this experience was acquired since the Second World War, when the mines as a weapon received the greatest distribution and use. Large-scale of demining activities were started in the Soviet Union in 1943, and continued the planning after the war until 1971. In total, these studies take up to 160 thousand people, territory of the western regions of Russia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova were cleared from mines. It was found and defused more than 170 million of explosive objects. During the Soviet period, engineering troops received invaluable experience in demining areas not only within the country but also abroad. In 1962, the Algerian leadership has asked for assistance in the destruction of minefields. Thus, already in 1963 the military engineering troops of the Soviet Union neutralized and destroyed more than 20 thousand mines and cleared more than 650 hectares of land. During demining was acquired invaluable experience and have developed new requirements for mine equipment. A large group of engineers, who worked on Algeria, was awarded the Soviet government awards, hundreds of Algerian soldiers and officers have been trained in the Soviet Union. It is also necessary to mention the contribution of Soviet specialists in demining and trawling the Gulf of Suez. At the request of the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt and the Pacific squadron of the Black Sea Fleet of the USSR was carried out demining the Gulf of Suez. The crew spent the minefields over 6,000 hours of eliminating the mine threat in an area of ??1250 miles in square, making the bay opened for free shipping.

Application of mine-explosive devices peaked during the wars, which took place in the Third World countries. We should mention the combat experience of the Soviet Union engineering troops in Afghanistan, and even today it retains important. To carry out the task of engineering parts and divisions of troops had in difficult conditions of mountain and desert terrain, as the enemy launched a real mine war in the ways of the Soviet Union engineering troops..During staying of limited contingent of the Soviet troops in Afghanistan from the 1979-89 year was received immense experience in ways of detection and neutralization IEDs, GPs and UXOs.

1. Government agencies such as Armed Forces, Interior Ministry, the FSB, the Russian Emergencies Ministry and non-governmental organizations are involved in the Russian  "demining" question too. Synthesis of best domestic experience, the use of international experience, development of optimal approaches in training, the introduction of new methods and means of mine clearance is a prerequisite for safe and high-quality execution of demining.

2. Russian experience can be claimed by foreign partners, similar to the best practices of other countries will be useful for specialists from the Russian Federation.

II. Contents

4. Information exchange among experts contributes to the improvement of ways and means of implementing the tasks of demining and counter improvised explosive devices, it allows to improve the methods and the material base of training.

5. The Conference includes presentations, discussions and practical demonstrations.

6. Plan of the conference provides an exchange of experience on training specialists humanitarian demining and counter improvised explosive devices. Planned practical demonstrations of search tools, personal protective equipment and robotic tools.

III. PARTICIPANTS

7. A total of 130 expected experts that should participate in the conference, including ones from the national federal executive authorities of the Russian Federation and foreign experts from 23 countries.

IV. TIME AND LANGUAGE

10. The Conference will be held from June 29 to July 1, 2015, the working language -Russian (translation -English).

V. ADMINISTRATIVE CLASSIFICATION

11. The conference is organized by the Office of the chief of the engineering troops of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in Moscow, Russia.

12. Organizer assumes all expenses for moving, providing food, sites for meetings, receptions, visits and so on.

VI. Contact details

Colonel Oleg Kryzhanovsky — Deputy Head of the International Mine Action Center of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation

Email: ypr.mpc@mil.ru, Tel. / Fax: 8 495-566-27-18

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