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11.08.2018 (10:45)

Bulletin of the Centre for the Reception, Allocation and Accommodation of Refugees (August 11, 2018)

Return of Refugees from abroad

Over the past day, in total 142 people (43 women and 72 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus , and al-Dabusya.

Since July 18, 2018, in total 6,523  refugees have left Lebanon, with 2,972 of them - via the Zemrani CP, Jaydet-Yabus – 2,616 people, 618 people via al-Dabusiyah and 317 people via the al-Qusayr. In total 318 people have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.

According to consolidated information, there are still  6,972,711 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,091,813 women and 3,556,082 children among them.

In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 27 countries(Turkey, Lebanon, Germany, Jordan, Iraq, Italy, Egypt, Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland, Belgium, Romania, Spain, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries.

At present there are 6,638,413 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey-3,533,822, Lebanon-976,002, Germany-534,011, Jordan-668,123, Egypt-498,986, Iraq-251,157, Netherlands-74,998, Austria-42,505, Denmark-17,995, Greece-13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Belgium - 3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania - 3,101, Spain - 2,352, Ireland - 1,729, Malta-1,289, Poland-1,069, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Luxembourg-663, Croatia – 530, Slovenia – 460, Bulgaria – 180, Hungary – 51, Slovakia – 43, Czech Republic – 39, Latvia-19).

It is estimated, that 1,712,234 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland (Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68).

Since September 30, 2015, in total 235,121 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (70,801 women, 120,253 children).

Ten CPs have already deployed for returnees, among them there are:

five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));

one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);

two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);

one CP at Damascus international airport;

one CP at Baniyas sea port.

The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.

The Turkish authorities have stated their intention to ensure the return of 250,000 Syrian refugees. In the framework of this initiative there is a number of measures taken in the northern region of Syria to create favorable living conditions for civilians.

Internal Displacement

It is reported that 288 Syrians returned back to:

Homs province – 205 Syrians (women - 61 and children – 104), January 1, 2018 – 27,557 people;

Eastern Ghouta - 83 people (24 women and 43 children), in total - 74,873 people;

Over the past day no refugee left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 208, in total 26,642 people (women – 8,873, children 12,373), 3,889 vehicles and 42,558 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone.

Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,216,510 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (364,934 women, 620,388 children).

Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees

There are 336,500 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 76 settlements less affected by the combat actions.

Besides, camps for refugees and IDPs are being arranged in Adra, Nashabiyah, Najha and Hirjilla areas to accomodate up to 90,000 people.

Infrastructure Rehabilitation

Over the past day, 12 building have been reconstructed in Aleppo (4), Marrat (2) and Damascus (6).

They assessed  the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Ein Tarma (Damascus province), al-Suweyda (Hama province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation  it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:

Ein Tarma - a grader, a bulldozer, a dump truck, 48 windows, 16 cu m of cement, 3 tons of building bars, 750kg of fishing materials, 6,500m of water pipes to recover seven dwellings, a bakery and a water pump station;

Al-Suweyda – an excavator, 23 windows, 9 cu m of cement, 2 tons of building bars, 450kg of lime and filling, 1,100m of water pipes, 1,500m of electric cables, to overhaul four houses;

Heads of local administrations prepared application to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to received construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.

In total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:

89 medical and 218 educational organizations have been recovered;

272km of roads were recovered (1.5km - over the past day);

206km of power line have been installed (1.5km - over the past day);

86 power substations, 71 water supply facilities and two fuel-energy complexes have been put into operation.

Currently, in 67 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Hama, Homs, work is underway to overhaul 49 schools, 20 kindergartens, 33 bakeries, 33 water pump stations, 14 electric substations, 15 medical centres and 278 houses.

Humanitarian Assistance

In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out  1,891 humanitarian actions, delivering  2,893.76 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.

Five civilians including two children received first medical aid in the towns of Marrat and al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).

In total, 87,664 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.

Mine Clearance

The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Ein-Zayt, Talbiseh, Sem-Ali, Homs province. They have cleared up: 5 ha of the territory, 10 buildings and 0.5km of roads.

They found and defused 45 explosive devices including 21 improvised explosive devices.

In Homs province they cleared up: 215.8ha of the territory, 695buildings and 42.3km of roads. They found and defused 6,811 explosive devices including 2,138 improvised explosive devices.

Arrangements for Refugee Reception

The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. .

National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.

The National Security Bureau and the Syrian Reconciliation Ministry supervises all events aimed at controlling refugee inflow, preparation of accommodation, infrastructure rehabilitation and humanitarian actions.

The Centre for Refugee Reception, Distribution and Settlement with the support of the Russian military police servicemen  held some working meetings:

deputy governor of Homs province Dumar Al-Ali to discuss challenges in repatriation process, specify figures on facilities to be overhauled,
 and define amount of necessary material assets;

with the representatives of the al-Suweyda authorities (Hama province), al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province) for assistance in rebuilding social facilities and creation of conditions for repatriation of refugees;

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