Bulletin of the Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring (January 11, 2019)
Return of Refugees from abroad
Over the past day, in total 811 people returned to the Syrian Arab Republic from the territory of foreign states: 74 people (22 women and 37 children) left Lebanon for Syria via the Jaydet-Yabus and Talkalakh CPs, and 737 people (221 women and 376 children) from Jordan via the Nasib CP.
Since July 18, 2018, in total 94,224 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad:
-40,166 refugees have left Lebanon (12,174 women and 20,407 children), with 23,798 of them - via the Jeydet-Yabus CP, Zemrani – 4,346 people, 1,834 people via al-Dabusiyah, 854 people via the al-Qusayr and 9,334 via Talkalakh;
-54,058 people (16,243 women and 27,555 children) have passed via the Nasib CP from Jordan.
According to consolidated information provided by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, as for January 1, 2019 there are still 6,676,636 registered refugees seeking asylum in 45 countries worldwide, with 2,002,991 women and 3,405,084 children among them.
In 45 embassies of the Russian Federation in foreign countries where the Syrian refugees seek asylum, 30 countries (Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Germany, Egypt, Iraq, Netherlands, Austria, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland, Cyprus, Belgium, Italy, Romania, Spain, Ireland, Malta, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Argentina, Luxembourg, Croatia, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Iceland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Latvia) confirmed the figures provided by the UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, on Syrian citizens in these countries. At present there are 6,337,088 Syrians in these countries: (Turkey - 3,622,366, Lebanon - 950,334, Jordan - 671,148, Germany - 534,011, Egypt - 132,553, Iraq - 252,772, Netherlands - 74,998, Austria - 42,505, Denmark - 17,995, Greece - 13,139, Switzerland-6,702, Cyprus-5,899, Belgium-3,982, Italy-3,836, Romania-3,101, Spain-2,352, Ireland-1,729, Malta-1,289, Bosnia and Herzegovina-1,630, Poland - 1,069, Argentina - 1,496, Luxembourg - 663, Croatia - 530, Slovenia - 460, Bulgaria - 180, Hungary - 51, Iceland - 197, Slovakia - 43, Czech Republic - 39, Latvia - 19).
It is estimated, that 1,712,264 Syrians in nine countries expressed their desire to return back to their homeland(Lebanon – 889,031, Turkey – 297,342, Germany – 174,897, Jordan – 149,268, Iraq – 101,233, Egypt – 99,834, Denmark – 412, Brazil – 149, Austria - 68, Argentina - 30). Since September 30, 2015, in total 323,504 Syrians have returned back to their homes from abroad (97,075 women, 164,884 children). Ten CPs have already been deployed for returnees, among them there are:
-five on the Syria-Lebanon border (Zemrani, Jaydet-Yabus (Zabadani), al-Sabusiya (al-Aarida), Talkalakh and al-Qusayr (Qusayr));
-one on the Syria-Jordan border (Nasib);
-two in the Syrian Arab Republic (Abu-al-Duhur and al-Salhiyah);
-one CP at Damascus international airport;
-one CP at Baniyas sea port.
The leadership of Syria is taking active steps aimed at increasing the efficiency of the process of repatriation of Syrian refugees from the territory of foreign states.
It is reported that 298 Syrians returned back to:
-Eastern Ghouta (Damascus province) - 31 people (12 women and 10 children). Since September 30, 2015 – 138,402 people (41,671 women, 68,798 children);
-267 people (women - 91, children - 126) and 20 vehicles returned back to the places of permanent residence in Deir ez-Zor and Damascus provinces through the checkpoint al-Salhiyah.
Since August 25, 2018, in total, 32,655 people (women – 11,091 children 15,177), 1,746 vehicles and 2,217 heads of cattle. Over the past day, no refugees have left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since March 4, 2018, in total, 44,736 people (women – 14,413, children 20,398), 4,751 vehicles and 54,841 heads of cattle left the Idlib de-escalation zone. Since September 30, 2015, in total 1,270,581 IDPs have returned back to their homes in the Syrian Arab Republic (383,246 women, 644,608 children). Since January 1, 2019, 1,985 IDPs (687 women, 842 children).
Cities and Towns Ready to Receive Refugees
There are 1,497,650 places arranged to receive and accommodate refugees in 412 settlements less affected by the combat actions.
Six buildings were recovered over the past day (Izra (Daraa province) - two, Atil (al-Suwayda province) - two, Fiq (al-Quneitra province) - two), a power station Kreia (al-Quneitra province) as well as a bakery in Mazlum (Deir ez-Zor province). They assessed the social infrastructure and facilities, housing fund, amount of construction materials available in Tall Masih(Aleppo province) and Beyt-Nayem (Damascus province). In order to improve living conditions for Syrians, and to complete infrastructure rehabilitation it is necessary to supply materials in the following towns:
-Tall Masih – two excavators, three dump trucks, 18 windows, 13 cu m of brick, 16 cu m of cement, 1,180kg of lime and filling, 2,320m of water pipes, 1,600m of electric cables and 16 tons of building bars to overhaul six houses and water pump station;
-Beyt-Nayem – a dump truck, a wheeled crane, 14 windows, 18 cu m of brick, 16 cu m of cement, 15 tons of building bars, 1,350kg of lime and filling, 1,480m of water pipes, 1,080m of electric cables, to overhaul three houses and a bakery.
Heads of local administrations prepared applications to the Ministry of Public Works and housebuilding to received construction materials for recovering social infrastructure.
Since July 18, 2018, in total, in the Syrian Arab Republic:
-132 medical and 718 educational organizations have been recovered;
-five road bridges and 968 km of roads were recovered (1 km - over the past day);
-886km of power line have been installed (1 km - over the past day);
-568 power substations (one over the past day), 116 water supply facilities, 134 bakeries (one over the past day), 14,251 industrial enterprises have been put into operation.
Currently, in 345 settlements of the provinces of Aleppo, Damascus, Deir-ez-Zor, Latakia, Hama, Homs, Daraa, al-Suwayda, al-Quneitra, Raqqa, work is underway to overhaul 2,150 houses, 212 schools, 184 kindergartens, 200 bakeries, 235 water pump stations, 209 power substations, 184 medical centres, and 93 places of worship.
As a result of heavy rains and floods in Lebanon, up to 150 temporary accommodation facilities for Syrian refugees have been destroyed. More than 8,000 people were displaced from the disaster areas.
Over the past day there have been a humanitarian action in Dail (Daraa province) to distribute 500 food sets with a total weight of 2.17 tons.
In total, the Russian side has organised and carried out 2,037 humanitarian actions, delivering 3,208.22 tons of food supplies, the bare necessities and bottled water.
Thirty-two civilians including 23 children received first medical aid in the town of al-Salhiyah (Deir ez-Zor province).
In total, 104,066 Syrians were provided with medical assistance by Russian military medics.
The SAA engineering units carry on the mine clearance operation in the settlements of Shaukatliya, al-Othmaniyah, Oufaniya, Trunja, Rafid, Qseiba (al-Quneitra province), al-Zelaf (Damascus province), Ein-Zat, Talbiseh (Homs province).
13,4 ha of the territory were cleared. They found and defused 36 explosive devices.
In total: 1,446.8ha of the territory, 3,317 buildings and 260km of roads. They found and defused 17,565 explosive devices including 5,392 improvised explosive devices.
Arrangements for Refugee Reception
The government program on restoration settlements liberated from the militants has started in Damascus, Aleppo and Hama provinces. The program consists of three phases: preparation of infrastructure (water supply, electrification), targeted aid to the population, the repatriation of residents to permanent housing. .
National Reconciliation Committees established in Syrian provinces and cities (made up by heads of administrations, police, sheiks, representatives of public organizations and opposition) hold negotiations on joining ceasefire regime and voluntary defection to the side of legal government and the surrender of weapons. Former members of illegal armed formations and internally displaced persons are granted amnesty who lived in the territories earlier occupied by terrorists.
The Joint Coordination Committee of the Syrian Arab Republic on the repatriation of refugees carries out social and economic activities to activate the process of infrastructure rehabilitation; all necessary measures are taken to enable refugees and internally displaced persons to return back to their homeland.
Officers of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides and Refugee Migration Monitoring held a working meeting with Governor of Aleppo to discuss organisation of humanitarian and charitable actions.